Early childhood has a decisive impact on the development and future of children. It is essential to strengthen the educational dimension of nurseries. Studies show that they are concrete solutions to fight against social inequalities.
At age 4, a disadvantaged child heard 30 million words less than a child from a privileged background
- The period between birth and 3 years, when the brain knows its most important period of neuronal development, is crucial for the young child. The pace and intensity of this development are strongly influenced by external stimuli.
- These stimulations play a preponderant role in the child in the acquisition of self-confidence, in the control of emotions and in the acquisition of language.
- At 18 months, the so-called period of language explosion, the child learns an average of 9 words a day. This "thirst for words" can not always be quenched. Numerous scientific studies have shown that late exposure to language can delay language learning and have serious consequences for vocabulary, concentration and reading.
- It has also been shown that children from disadvantaged backgrounds benefit less from these stimuli, especially those of language. This exposes them more to academic difficulties afterwards.
Promoting nurseries as places of education and not just for childcare
- Two experiments conducted abroad (Perry Preschool program and Carolina Abecedarian) have shown that it is possible to significantly reduce social inequalities through nurseries of high educational quality. 36% of children who benefited from intensive day-care and parenting programs had access to higher education compared with 14% who did not.
- In France, the program "Talk Bamboo" created in a nursery in Grenoble, focused on language development and priority access reserved for disadvantaged children, has also given excellent results. It has since been set up in several cities in France ...
- This is why Terra Nova advocates to focus on the development of educational nurseries and not just places of care, which concentrate most of their efforts on health and safety aspects.
- These childcare facilities must reinforce their educational content: develop language-based tools, regular interactive reading sessions, stimulation and attention to self-confidence, and parental involvement.
- These tools can be used by childminders, parents themselves and nannies at home.
Terra Nova Source