Now, funny red patches appear, disappear and reappear on your child's skin. They swell and trigger severe itching. Your child may be having an urticaria attack.
Urticaria, what is it?
- It is an inflammatory reaction of the skin that causes rashes. They are characterized by the appearance of red plates in relief, papules, which resemble stings of nettles (urtica in Latin hence the name of urticaria).
- These rashes are accompanied by severe itching and are manifested by one or more relapses that can last a few minutes to a few hours. In this case, it is acute urticaria. When urticaria results in daily seizures lasting more than 6 weeks, it is called chronic urticaria.
What are the causes ?
Urticaria is not a disease, but a symptom. Everyone can, and many times in their life, trigger an acute urticaria crisis. The mechanisms involved are still poorly understood, although often the acute attack is due to an allergy. The urticarial reaction can be triggered by factors of origin:
- Medication: antibiotic, aspirin, codeine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ...
- Food: strawberry, banana, fish, kiwi, chocolate, fish, cheese ...
- Environmental: sun, cold, insect bites ...
- Urticaria can also be caused by a viral infection. In this case, it is accompanied by fever and often a cold and a cough.
How to treat it?
- In most cases, the urticaria is benign. Nevertheless, it is better to consult the doctor who will prescribe an antihistamine to reduce the itching. If the urticaria comes back often and an allergy is suspected, he may prescribe a series of tests to discover the allergen responsible.
- On the other hand, if your child, during the urticaria flare, breathes hard, vomits or is uncomfortable, you should consult urgently or call first aid (Samu 15 or firefighters 18). It can then be a generalized allergic reaction.